Cats - General Symptoms of Disease

Source:  Cats - General Symptoms of Disease    Tag:  glanders symptoms
Glanders - this is a constitutional disease accompanied by the formation of tubers on the body and in the nose on the mucous membrane. These tubercles break and form ulcers. The lungs and liver are sometimes affected as well as other vital organs of the body. Lion take glanders from eating horse meat cut from the carcass of glandered horses. This not by any means a common ailment in cats unless fed meat from glandered horses.

Eczema -- this is a skin disease, due perhaps to errors in feeding and care of the skin. It consists of a hyperemia of the skin followed by an oozing through of a fluid which seems to dry, forming scales and leaving the skin rough. The face, back and legs are most commonly affected.
Treatment : Give three grains baking soda in food three times a day and dissolve one ounce of baking soda in one quart of water and apply to the sore parts three times a day, or use a home eczema cure prescribed for man. Change the feed: give less meat, no sweet cakes or candy, no butter or greasy gravy and keep the cat in a cool place.

Canker of the Ear - This one form of eczema and the same line of diet prescribed for eczema should be followed; also apply one part peroxide of hydrogen and four parts water, then apply boric acid a few minutes later. Do this twice daily. Give two-drop doses of Fowler's solution twice a day. Also give one grain dose of iodide of potassium daily.

Milk Fever - Taking away all the kittens immediately after birth very often causes the udder to cake and infame, which of course is followed with milk fever; besides, wounds on the belly may also cause the udder to inflame.
Treatment: Apply one part extract of phytolacca and eight parts vaseline to udder twice a day and give two drops of fluid extract of phyolacca root at a dose three times a day, or give two grains of nitrate of potash three times a day.

Fits -- Fits and convulsions are generally due to some kind of digestive disturbance or irritation, the ingestion of irritating food, overloading the stomache in hot weather and to stomach worms. It is more common in young than old cats.
Treatment: Give a catharic of either syrup of buckthorn or castor oil and wrap the cat in a hot blanket or drop it in warm water, all but the head. Give four grains of bromide of potash four times a day.

Epilepsy -- Epilepsy develops suddenly. The cat falls down and froths at the mouth. The greatest difference between this ailment and convulsions is the absence of delirium. Do not frighten the cat. Give laudanum or chloral hydrate to quiet the animal, also give syrup of buckthorn to move the bowels. Feed a good quality of easily digested food and not too much of it, also exercise the animal.

Fleas - Fleas do not as a rule bother cats and if the same flea gets on a person it does not remain. They are easily gotton rid of by applying colongne, tobacco snuff, flowers of sulphur or Persian insect powder. Apply not only on the cat but also in its basket or sleeping places.

Sarcoptic Mange - The most common kind of mange affecting cats is sarcoptic mange and it is due to a small parasite which burrows under the skin and multiplys rapidly. causing intense itching.
Treatment: One of the mose effectual and least expensive remedies is mady by mixing one half a part of carbonate of potash, one part sulpher and six parts lard. Apply it daily for a few days and then as often as necessary. There are many other remedies that will cure mange, but select the least irritating.

Stomach Worms - Stomach worms are not only found in the stomach but also in the intestines and are three or four inches in length and the size of a slate pencil, the female being the longest.
Treatment: Purge the cat with castor oil, then give three grains of santonine; one hour later give three drops of turpentine in a small dose of castor oil.

Trachina - Although it is difficult to make a correct diagnosis when cats suffer from trichina, yet many of them have it. I have known many cats to die from it, that were treated for rheumatism.

The Teeth - The young kitten has 26 teeth which are replaced by 30 permanent teeth when the cat is about six months old. The growing cat has trouble teething and may not do well. Old cats may have diseased teeth that should be extracted and the tartar should be broken off the teeth when it affects the gums. When the mouth is sor use mouth washes that are used for people.

Poisoning - It is not uncommon for the house cat or even the farm cat to get hold of rat poison which is generally composed of arsenic; or some malicious person may give your cat strychnine. If poisoned with arsenic, give mustard and water to cause vomitting and if strychnine caused the poisoning give twenty grains of chloral hydrate and repeat the doxe if necessary to control the spasms.

Giving a cat Medicines - If possible give it in food; or wrap him in a shawl and pour it down but avoid giving it in large quantities.

Castrating Cats - Wrap the cat in a rubber cloth or shaw and leave the hind quarters out; clean the scrotum first; then open and remove the testicle by cutting off the cord or twisting it off, which stops bleeding. Now after care is required except to keep the cat clean and warm.

Spaying - This is done to prevent females from breeding. I operate on one hundred or more every year by first giving the cat a small dose of morphine, hydrodermically, then ether. Shave the abdomen and wash it, cut into the abdomen, remove ovaries, stitch the wound, then keep cat quiet. Remove the stitches on the fourth day and the wound is generally healed in a week or less. Never give a cat chloroform. It is not always necessary to give a cat morphine before giving ether, but I very often do give it to older cats and dogs.