TOP 5 THINGS YOU MUST KNOW ABOUT EBOLA

Source:  TOP 5 THINGS YOU MUST KNOW ABOUT EBOLA    Tag:  ebola articles
In modern times people are so restless and busy in their lives that they avoid their own health issues and try to be an hero which results in health problems like bad health,sickness,cognitive diseases etc. But in this article we.ll talk about the massacre disease Ebola which has threatened the people as well as scientists. Yes you heard it right normal people are threatened by this disease but scientist are also scared of this disease that,s why we can,t have an full proof cure of Ebola still not available.But never the less some of them are trying very hard to find the cure as soon as possible.
                     
                    TOP 5 THINGS ABOUT EBOLA
     
 1) FACTS-

- Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, illness in    humans.
 
-The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.

-The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.

-Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation.

-There are currently no licensed Ebola vaccines but 2 potential candidates are undergoing evaluation.


2) BACKGROUND-


The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976
The current outbreak in west Africa, (first cases notified in March 2014), is the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976.


3) TRANSMISSION-

It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts. Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.
                           Ebola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact.

4) SYMPTOMS-

The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms is 2 to 21 days. Humans are not infectious until they develop symptoms. First symptoms are the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding (e.g. oozing from the gums, blood in the stools). Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.


5) PREVENTION AND CONTROL-

-Reducing the risk of wildlife-to-human transmission from contact with infected fruit bats or monkeys/apes and the consumption of their raw meat. Animals should be handled with gloves and other appropriate protective clothing. Animal products (blood and meat) should be thoroughly cooked before consumption.

-Reducing the risk of human-to-human transmission from direct or close contact with people with Ebola symptoms, particularly with their bodily fluids. Gloves and appropriate personal protective equipment should be worn when taking care of ill patients at home. Regular hand washing is required after visiting patients in hospital, as well as after taking care of patients at home.

-Outbreak containment measures including prompt and safe burial of the dead, identifying people who may have been in contact with someone infected with Ebola, monitoring the health of contacts for 21 days, the importance of separating the healthy from the sick to prevent further spread, the importance of good hygiene and maintaining a clean environment.


     Synopsis-Stay away from ebola by taking measures as it has not fully cured.
                                 
            Moto for Ebola-BE FAR, BE SAFE, BE HEALTHY.