Oral Cancer-Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Prevention Of Complications

Source:  Oral Cancer-Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Prevention ...    Tag:  chicken pox pictures early stages
Oral Cancer-Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, TreatmentAnd Prevention Of Complications.  Oral cancer   is a cancer that   grows and   develops   inside the mouth .   For example,   on the  lips, tongue , gums mouth ,   walls   as well as the   palate .   This cancer   can spread   directly  to the   tissues   around the mouth   or through the   lymph nodes .   Among   all the   cases of cancer   that appear , estimated   there were only   two percent of   oral cancer .   Therefore, this   type of cancer   including   a rare   cancer .

Most   oral cancer   strikes   elderly   aged 50 - 75 years   and   is more common   in men than  women.   But   this cancer   can also occur   among   young adults ,   mainly   as a result of  infection with   HPV   ( human papilloma virus   human ).
Oral Cancer-Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Prevention Of Complications
Oral Cancer-Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Prevention Of Complications

This Type Of Oral Cancer

Oral cancer   is the most   common   is   squamous cell carcinoma .   Approximately   90 percent of   people with   this   type of   suffering   cancer of the mouth .

Other   types of   oral cancer   oral   malignant   melanoma   and   are   adenocarcinoma.   Oral  malignant   melanoma   is a cancer that   develops from   melanocytes .   Where as  adenocarcinoma   is a cancer   that attacks the   saliva   glands .

The symptoms of oral cancer

Such as cancer   in General ,   symptoms of   oral cancer   are   rare   and difficult to   be detected   at   early stage .   Therefore, we   should   be aware of   the symptoms   generally  include:
  • Mouth ulcers that failed to heal.
  • Reddish or white patches in the mouth.
  • A lump or thickening of the walls of the inside of the mouth.
  • Pain in the mouth, especially the tongue.
  • Difficult or pain when swallowing and chewing.
  • Shake teeth without a clear cause.
  • Changes the sound.
  • Having trouble talking.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Jaw feels stiff or sore.
  • A sore throat.
Mouth   cancer symptoms   also tend to be   difficult to   spot   because it is   often   similar to that of   other   disease   indications   are   lighter.   Stay   alert and   check with your   doctor  immediately   if   any of these symptoms   failed to   recover   over the next   two weeks , especially for   heavy smokers   or   who frequently   consume the   liquor.

Causes and risk factors of oral cancer

Oral cancer   is caused by   changes   in   development of the   cells in the   mouth or   lips.   The causes   behind   these mutations   is not yet known   for sure .   However,   there are   several factors   that are   believed to   trigger   the appearance of   this cancer.   Among these are :
  • Using any kind of tobacco, such as cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco.
  • Liquor consumption is excessive.
  • Infection with HPV (human papilloma virus human).
  • Poor eating patterns.
  • Oral hygiene is not maintained, for example letting cavities or gum that experience and infection.
  • Chewing the areca nut.

Diagnosis and treatment of oral cancer

In the process of   diagnosis , the doctor will   ask you   the symptoms   you are experiencing   and to   check the condition of   your mouth.   If the   allegedly   suffered from  cancer of the mouth , you will be   advised to   undergo   a biopsy   or   tissue   sampling   to make sure   or no   cancer cells .

Positive   patients   was diagnosed with   oral cancer   will undergo   further examination   to detect the   stadium   as well as the   level of development  of  oral cancer   he suffered.   This procedure   can be done through   endoscopy,   x-rays , MRI   scans,   CT scans , and   PET  scans.

By knowing the   stadium   as well  as  the level of   development of cancer   suffered   a patient,   the doctor can   determine   the   treatment   step   will   need to be done .   So also with the   patient's medical   condition   and the location   and   type of   oral cancer   he suffered.

The initial   stage of   oral cancer   has   the highest   possibility   to be   recovered .   While   the intermediate   stage of   oral cancer   may   be cured .   But the   advanced stage of   cancer of the mouth   is generally not   curable   and handling   is done   only   to relieve   symptoms   and to   slow the   spread of the   cancer.

Steps   for oral cancer   treatment   include   surgery, chemotherapy , and   radiotherapy. These three   steps   are often   combined   in order to   obtain   maximum results.

Early stage   cancer of the mouth   can be addressed by   surgery   using   a laser beam .   This procedure   is called   photodynamic   therapy ( PDT) .   But   if the cancer   has already   spread to other parts   of the body,   then  the  removal of   the tumor   with   healthy tissue  surrounding it   need to be done .   For example   the appointment of   a portion of   the network   on the walls of   the mouth,   tongue,   jaw   or even .   The doctor   will then   do a re construction   operation   to return   forms part   or   tissue   is lifted .

The   radiotherapy   is usually used   after surgery   to   prevent a   return of   the cancer cells . Radiation therapy   can be done   from the outside   as well  as  in the body.

In dealing with   cancer that   had already   spread   widely   on the body   or   high risk   to grow back , the doctor will   recommend   chemotherapy.   Drugs used   in this process   will destroy the   DNA   of   cancer cells   so they   can't   breed.   But   these   drugs   also   can lower  your immune system   so that   patients are   susceptible   to infections .

In addition to the   benefits   of chemotherapy , radiotherapy and   potentially cause   side effects.   Some of these   include   nausea, vomiting , fatigue mouth ulcers   and   mouth  ached .

Cetuximab   is also   sometimes   used to treat   advanced stages of   cancer of the mouth . The use of   this medication   is usually   combined with   radiotherapy or   chemotherapy.

Cetuximab   would attack   a protein on the   surface of   cancer cells   to prevent the spread  of cancer.   But   if the patient   is not   advisable   cetuximab   can   undergo chemotherapy  because   of specific   medical reasons , for example was pregnant.

The Risk Of Complications Of Cancer Of The Mouth

Each   step   of treatment   certainly has   the risk of   complications.   So too   with   the handling of   oral cancer .   Difficulty swallowing   and   impaired   ability   to talk   is   the main  complications   that can   occur after you   undergo surgery   and radiotherapy .

Difficulty swallowing   complications   including   serious   because it can  cause  nutritional deficiencies   as well  as  trigger   pneumonia   due to   aspiration   of food   into   the respiratory tract   and   is trapped   in the lungs .   This complication   will generally   improve   over time as  the process of   healing and   therapy.   But   there is a possibility   the ability   to swallow   you won't   recover   completely.

Same is the case   with the   swallows , radiotherapy and   surgery   are also   potentially cause   a disruption in   the ability   of your speech .   Therefore,   speech therapy   will be very beneficial   to restore   the ability   of your speech .

Oral Cancer Prevention Measures

Because   the cause is   unknown ,   oral cancer   cannot be   prevented   entirely .   But   you can still   take   these simple steps   to lower your   risk , namely:
  • Quit smoking and do not use tobacco in any form.
  • Avoid or limit Your consumption of liquor.
  • Apply a healthy diet and balanced, especially by increasing consumption of vegetables and fruits.
  • Maintaining oral hygiene, such as diligent brushing.
  • Dental health checked regularly, at least once a year.
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