Dengue Symptoms, Causes,Treatment and Prevention

Source:  Dengue Symptoms, Causes,Treatment and Prevention    Tag:  picture of dengue rash
Now a days Dengue becomes a big disease in metro cities. Many people are suffering with this disease so I have decided to write about it so that you guys can read it and with the help of it you can prevent of yourself with this disease. Dengue (pronounced DENG-gay) can affect anyone but tends to be more severe in people with compromised immune systems.

Some facts regarding Dengue:

1. Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. The bite of one infected mosquito can result in infection.

2. When the Risk of being bitten highest: The risk of being bitten is highest during the early morning, several hours after daybreak, and in the late afternoon before sunset. However, mosquitoes may feed at any time during the day.

3. Where Aedes aegypti mosquito Find out: Aedes mosquitoes typically live indoors and are often found in dark, cool places such as in closets, under beds, behind curtains, and in bathrooms. Travelers should be advised to use insecticides to get rid of mosquitoes in these areas and to select accommodations with well-screened windows or air conditioning when possible

4. Symptoms of Dengue: Headache, fever, exhaustion, severe joint and muscle pain, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy), and rash. The presence (the "dengue triad") of fever, rash, and headache (and other pains) is particularly characteristic of dengue fever.

5. Because dengue fever is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it. For typical dengue fever, the treatment is purely concerned with relief of the symptoms. Just take water as more as you can take, need to check out your BP and platelates regularly and take drip if possible.

6. The acute phase of the illness with fever and myalgias lasts about one to two weeks.

7. There is currently no vaccine available for dengue fever. To prevent mosquito bites, wear long pants and long sleeves. For personal protection, use mosquito repellant sprays that contain DEET when visiting places where dengue is endemic.

What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a specific syndrome that tends to affect children under 10 years of age. It causes abdominal pain, hemorrhage (bleeding), and circulatory collapse ( shock). DHF is also called Philippine, Thai, or Southeast Asian hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.

DHF starts abruptly with high continuous fever and headache. There are respiratory and intestinal symptoms with sore throat, cough, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Shock occurs two to six days after the start of symptoms with sudden collapse, cool, clammy extremities (the trunk is often warm), weak pulse, and blueness around the mouth (circumoral cyanosis).

In DHF, there is bleeding with easy bruising, blood spots in the skin (petechiae), spitting up blood (hematemesis), blood in the stool (melena), bleeding gums, and nosebleeds(epistaxis). Pneumonia is common, and inflammation of the heart ( myocarditis) may be present.